Final Duality
Unitive awareness comes from both the heart and the mind

Welcome to, a place with ideas about consciousness, human awareness, spirituality, and the universe.


"Unity is at the intersection of the heart and mind"

Science traditionally recognizes only things with reproducible measurements as real. Now we have physics experiments that we can't understand or explain. Yet for millenia, mystics and sages have been teaching that the ultimate reality is beyond all that.

In addition to my original concept of the "Final Duality," this site offers my definition of consciousness as "Observerless Limitless Beingness" - see my abstract and full paper here.

"A Cosmological Model for Consciousness," is the poster I presented at SAND 15 in San Jose, Oct 23, see the poster here. It pieces together ideas and theories from nondual thinking, science, philosophy, and cosmology into a view of how we perceive and are aware of a spectrum of reality.

My quest to define consciousness came from repeatedly observing teachers and speakers get befuddled when asked "what is consciousness?" I studied and contemplated this problem until I arrived at a working definition that I can share. The results of my studies are discussed in my paper. The poster is an effort to place that definition in an even greater context with direct human experience and awareness, and with science.

The Final Duality is an answer to the question of how do we get from the ordinary experience of everything as "this and that" to the nondual realization of what mystics and spiritual teachers refer to as our "true nature" of undivided beingness? 

The idea of a final duality came to me while I was attending spiritual gatherings and noticed that seekers tend to fall into one of two groups: Those chasing intellectual understanding, and those addicted to bliss.  I confirmed the validity of this idea in a dialogue with Adyashanti (Oakland Intensive May, 2012), as well as with other teachers (notably ShantiMayi but also John Bernie, John Sherman, Pamala Wislson, and several others). (Adya teaches on traps to spiritual awakening, e.g. getting "stuck in emptiness" in "The End of Your World).

By recognizing a final stage to unitive awareness, a solution to what might be though of as "stuck in duality" arises.  By knowing we need both an open heart (acceptance of the knowable) and a surrendered mind (acceptance of the unknowable), we can turn attention where it is needed, and away from practices or thought patterns that perpetuate being stuck in the mind, or lost in the heart.

When we have opened the heart, all that arises in our personal awareness can be seen without judgment. With the mind, there must be fearless acceptance of the unknowable, leading to an inner surrender to that which is greater than our individual self.With a finite number of words to try to describe what is beyond infinity, no words can convey the absolute truth. The discovery is still an aspiration, to be shared with love and wisdom.

Where did all of these dualities come from? It has been said that the newborn's very first thought is the "I" , bringing with it the "non-I." (e.g. Ramana). The view of the world then kaleidoscopes into a panorama of separation and external objects. Soon we find ourselves wanting this, and resisting that.

There is in fact no "final duality" it is a hopefully useful concept to bridge our present experience of reality to the final wordless truth. Arriving at that place of awareness still leaves us as an observer who is dual with our discovery of unity/oneness. Yet it may be the last dual idea to go before unitive awareness is attained. Many ancient sages and mystics, and well-known modern master teachers will give you wisdom and love, from their minds and their hearts. They will, in their own way, recognize and share what can be described as a final duality.


A challenge: Spiritual awakening can be the result of desire and effort, and not a random, unexpected event.  (Of course, that can happen too). When you perceive things as no longer separate, how do you describe your experience?